Posted on: June 8, 2022 Posted by: admin Comments: 0

Author: Srijana Agrawal, 3rd Year Law Student at School of Law, UPES University, Dehradun

Co-Author: Atithi Shrivastava, 3rd Year Law Student at School of Law, UPES University, Dehradun


This research paper deals with the aspects of the traditional tradecraft of Espionage, in the light of the Red Sparrow program, prevalent during the Cold War Era. It further extrapolates the origin, progression, importance and relevancy in the contemporary world under the International Law.  Besides exploring the technicalities of the tradecraft, this research paper also provides a cursory perspective on the effects of this tradecraft on the innate morality of the parties involved. This research paper also delves into the procedure, through which this tradecraft was dealt with, by the newly codified International Law and the modifications, done by different countries in order to deal with the consequences, from time to time.

For this project, doctrinal type of research methodology is used. This doctrinal approach to research has made use of a book, “Red Sparrow”, authored by Jason Matthews, elaborating on the Red Sparrow Program, and research papers and other online articles.

The tradecraft of Espionage is still prevalent and very much relevant in the present times. Even in this modern century, the concept of ‘what exactly constitutes an Espionage’ is vacillating and irresolute. The reality is that, with the advancement of technology and conflicts in each country, the notion of practicing Espionage is rising, bringing forth a plethora of disputes and problems.

This research paper strives to understand and be cognizant of the working of International Law regarding the matter in question and supply a non-partisan and objective conclusion to the tradecraft acknowledging all the arguments surrounding the tradecraft.

Keywords- Espionage, Honey Trapping, Red Sparrow Program, Theories of Espionage, Moral Conflict, International Law and Contemporary Relevancy.

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