Author: Durgesh Yadav, Student at B R Ambedkar National Law University, Sonipat
‘An eye for an eye ‘ is a commandant found in the Book of Exodus which expressed the principle of the reciprocal justice and its measures. According to this idea, people should be punished accordingly for the crime they commit. The punishment given to them must be proportionate to their crime and of the same degree. To implement this principle in the judicial system, different kinds of punishments are introduced in society like fines, forfeiture of property, death penalty, and imprisonment of life given based on crimes they commit. The death penalty is the most horrific and brutal among them. The death penalty has been the subject of protracted discussions because it is viewed as against humanity and must be abolished in all parts of the world. The increased awareness of human rights has led to increasing discussions regarding this in recent years. The United Nations, Amnesty International, and Human Rights Council along with different international organizations are putting their all efforts to have this sentence forgotten across the world. As its drastic and irrevocable nature becomes a threat to society.
In this paper, I am discussing capital punishment, its history and position in India, and how its position and laws regarding this are changing with the evolution of society. And what is the main debate or issue about capital punishment from both sides.
Keywords: Capital Punishment, Reciprocal Justice, Humanity.