The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) plays a critical role in the development, promotion, and enforcement of international humanitarian law (IHL). IHL seeks to limit the effects of armed conflict on civilians and combatants and ensure respect for human dignity. The ICRC works to ensure that the principles of IHL are integrated into national and international law and are respected and enforced by all parties to a conflict, including non-state armed groups and multinational forces. The ICRC provides assistance and protection to victims of armed conflict, advocates for the rights of detainees, and promotes the use of weapons and tactics that comply with IHL. Additionally, the ICRC raises awareness of IHL among the public, armed forces, and policymakers and promotes its implementation in military strategies and operations. The ICRC’s role in IHL is critical to promoting and protecting human rights in situations of armed conflict, minimizing the human cost of such conflicts, and ensuring the long-term well-being of those affected by them. This research paper includes the working of the red cross, cases related to it, and its role in the recent Russia-Ukraine war.
Keywords: Armed Conflict, Civilians, Human Rights, ICRC, IHL, Russia-Ukraine War.